During its inception, the name of the park was Hailey National Park, which was rechristened afterwards in the honor of the great conservationist and naturalist Jim Corbett, who hunted down tigers that had turned man-eaters in Kumaon, Uttarakhand, between 1907 to 1939. Jim Corbett believed in the conservation of the ecosystem and wildlife, especially tigers and which is why Jim Corbett National Park was chosen as the venue for the inauguration of 'Save the tigers' project in India.
Spread across the districts- Nainital and Pauri, the Corbett National Park covers an area of 1288 sq. km, together with neighboring reserves- Sonanadi Wildlife Santuary and Reserve Forest. It is home to approximately 110 tree species, 50 mammals' species, 580 bird species, and 25 reptile species that are found both in the lower and higher regions of the park. The geographical location of this place that encloses streams, rivers, and ridges crisscrossing the terrain, makes Jim Corbett National Park a perfect habitat for numerous plant and animal species. The most famous of Corbett's wild residents are the Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Elephant, Leopards, Wild Boar, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Mongoose, and Crocodile.
Tourists from all across the world visit Jim Corbett National Park to view India's precious predators during the months of November to June, which is considered to be the best time to make a visit this park. It is during this time that visitors can explore the Indian wildlife through jungle safari, available from five different tourism zones... Dhikala, Bijrani, Domunda, and Sonanadi. Corbett also invites people for adventure activities like rock-climbing, rappelling, river-crossing and slithering, organized by the hotels & resorts located near Jim Corbett park.
The first wildlife reserve of India, Jim Corbett National Park or 'Corbett Tiger Reserve' is situated in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand. It covers 1318 sq km of area, in which 500 sq. km is the core area and rest part is the buffer zone. The park is referred as the protected area for the endangered Bengal tiger of India. The complete natural magnificence of the national park stands apart from wildlife sanctuaries and other reserve forests in India. The park is spread over wide-ranging landscape comprising rivers, forests, grassland, and mountains.
The national park has ecological and geographical features of the sub Himalayan belt. Heralded as an excellent eco tourism destination, Corbett boasts approx 488 different species of plants and huge array of fauna. The rich variety of the park is an excellent place for bird enthusiasts and so the area is known as one of the best birding areas in India. In addition to it, natural water holes, the dense jungles, the Ramganga River and an adequate prey-base make the park a perfect habitat for the tiger. It offers a complete picturesque location at the foothills of the Himalayas on the Ramanganga bank of the river. The Jim Corbett National Park is undoubtedly a haven for the one who somewhat interested in wildlife. With a huge population of 'Royal Bengal Tigers', the park is one of the astonishing places to spot wildlife.
Before 1815-20, the forests of Jim Corbett National Park were under the local rulers, but after 1858, Major Ramsey planned to protect the forest from deforestation and natural hazards. After 10 years in 1868, the department of forest presumed the responsibility for the woods and then in the year 1879, it's declared as a 'Reserve' forest under the forest Act.
In 1907, this Reserve Forest was initiated to name it as a wildlife sanctuary which was later on supported by Sir Malcolm Hailey, who named it as a 'National Park' in the year 1934. Finally, the forest got its boundaries in 1936 by Major Jim Corbett and became the first national park in the India. It was renamed as 'Jim Corbett National Park' and then in the year 1973, a historical event in the park was organized when the Project Tiger was being set up.
Today, the Corbett National Park is enlisted among the thirteen protected areas sheltered by World Wildlife Fund under their Terai Arc Landscape Programme, which intends to protect major species like the Asian elephant, the tiger and the one-horned rhinoceros. It's done by furbishing up the forest corridors to connect 13 protected areas of India and Nepal to facilitate the migration of wildlife.
The Corbett National Park is one of the popular attractions of the India where a large number of animals are found like Leopards, Bengal Tigers, Elephants, Sambars, Spotted Deer, Nilgai, Hog Deer, Sloth Bear, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, Langur, Ghural, Rhesus Monkey, Himalayan Black Bear, Sloth Bear, Yellow Throated Martem, Dhole Jackal, Indian Grey Mongoose, Himalayan Palm Civet, Porcupine, Common Otter, Clack Taped Hare, Chital, Para, Kakka, and smaller felines such as Fishing Cat, Jungle Cat, etc.
There are more than 586 species of migratory birds that include Jungle Fowl, Peacock, Partridge, Crow, Vulture, Kaleej Peasant, Laughing Thrush, Parakeet, Kingfisher, Oriole, Dove, Teal, Woodpecker, Drongo, Stork, Cormorant Ancestor, Seagull, Domestic Fowl And Blossom-Headed Parakeet, etc. Including this, other species of Reptiles, Amphibians, Fish and Dragonflies are also observed.
Corbett National Park is the best place to enjoy the wildlife and scenic beauty. The park is commonly highlighted due to its rich flora. There are around 488 species of shrubs, trees, herbs, bamboos, climbers, grasses, and ferns in the Park. Adina Cardifolia, Pipal, Rohini and Mango trees are abundantly found.
Some of the main species of flora that add beauty and attraction to the park include:
Further, Kanju (Holoptelia integrifolia), Aamla (Emblica officinalis) and Jamun (Syzygium cumini) are commonly spread throughout the lower areas, where on the other side Tendu (Diospyros tomentosa) are found in moist areas.
The Ultimate Way to Explore the Wildlife of Park Wildlife Safari is one of the perfect ways to explore the wilderness of the forest. Jim Corbett National Park endorses Jeep Safari, Elephant Safari, and Canter Safaris.
Jeep Safari in Corbett National Park passes through Bijrani, Jhirna, Dhangari, and Durga Devi zones. One can get captivated to connect with nature and enjoy the wide wood from the open roof of the jeep and cherish a long time memory. During summer, it remains open from 6 to 9 am in the morning and 3 to 6 pm in the evening while during winter; it remains open from 7 to 10 am in the morning and 2 to 5 pm in the evening. Click here to know about wildlife safari timing.
Tourists can also enjoy the wilderness of the forest and roam all over the area by elephant safari. Riding on elephant back and viewing rivers, grassland and valleys leave lifetime fascination. This safari is available twice a day, which begins from Dhikala.
No matter, whether it's game viewing from their backs or simply undergoing the bliss of viewing all animals, it truly becomes memorable forever.
Canter is an open bus available with 16 seats. The canter safari in Corbett passes through Ramnagar to Dhikala zone, where travelers can explore the entire location of the park. It gives a picturesque view at the border of a grassy plateau alighted above the Ramganga reservoir. It's one of the best ways to sightseeing the wildlife of the forest from a close distance.
Known as the land of roar, songs and trumpet, Jim Corbett National Park has charmed the imagery of many travelers with its various wildlife and incredible landscapes. There are some famous tourist attractions in and around the Corbett National Park that draws a large number of adventure seekers and wildlife adventure lovers.
A luxury and comfortable accommodation are the best part of this park as one can get wide ranges of hotels that vary from luxury, deluxe, standard to other forest lodge and camps. Facilities are quite good as hotels in the park offer excellent dining facilities with all types of cuisines. List of major hotels & resorts in Corbett include:
For the visitor's convenience, the park has been distributed into five zones and each one of them has excellent accommodation facilities.
List of lodges available in different zones are mentioned as below:
Forest Lodges in Dhikala Zone List of major hotels & resorts in Corbett include:
The Ultimate Travel Guide Being the largest Tiger Reserve in the world, transportation to the Jim Corbett Park has improved colossally. Tourists can reach by rail, air or road to Corbett National Park.
By Air- The nearest domestic airport to reach Corbett National Park is Phoolbagh in Pantnagar, which is 50 kms away. At 251Km from Corbett National Park, the nearest International Airport is in Delhi. Other airports that are well connected to Corbett are Dehradun (approx. 154 km), Lucknow (approx. 432 km) and Chandigarh (approx. 317 km).
By Rail- The nearest railhead to reach Corbett National Park is Ramnagar Railway Station (12 km). It has a small railhead, well connected to other major cities around.
By Road- Ramnagar is very close to Delhi, Bareilly, Moradabad, and Naintial. Regular Buses ply from Delhi, Haldwani, Moradabad, to Ramnagar. The approachable routes are Delhi (260 km), Lucknow (145 km), Nanital (66 km), and Ranikhet (112 km).
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